Eskdale Common Woodland and Scrub Proposals
The Eskdale Commoners, National Trust and Natural England are committed to woodland and scrub creation because of the multiple public benefits (ecosystem services) which come from their creation and their contribution towards adaptation to climate change. These are described below:
b. Flood reduction.
We are likely to see more significant flood events in the future. Woodland, scrub and longer vegetation can reduce the speed of run-off. This is particularly important in high rainfall events. The impact on flood reduction is difficult to measure but has been demonstrated. A 2010 report by Forest Research describes a case study of planting in the Derwent Catchment. (Kirkby, Reid and Green 2011 Quarterly Journal of Forestry Vol 105 (4) Oct 2011)
Woodlands are diverse and rich habitats and an important part of our heritage and landscape. Woodlands and scrub not only contribute to biodiversity through tree species but are a host to a large number of other plants, fungi, mosses, lichens.They also provide habitat for insects, and birds such as redstarts, pied fly catchers, tree pippits, woodpeckers and small animals such as the red squirrel.
f. Future wood fuel
This is difficult to measure as a public benefit but it is broadening future fuel options beyond fossil fuels. There are an increasing number of wood fuelled energy projects in Cumbria.